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Health risk factors are attributes, characteristics or exposures that increase the likelihood of a person developing a disease or health disorder. Behavioural risk factors are those that individuals have the most ability to modify. Biomedical risk factors are bodily states that are often influenced by behavioural risk factors.

Latest findings

Behavioural risk factors


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Tobacco smoking(1)

Almost 1 in 8 Australian adults (12.8%) smoked daily in 2016.


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Excessive alcohol consumption(1)

Almost 1 in 5 Australian adults (18%) consumed more than 2 standard drinks per day in 2016—a decrease from 22% in 2007.


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Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption(1)

1 in 2 Australian adults (50%) did not eat enough fruit; 9 in 10 (93%) did not eat enough vegetables in 2014–15.

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Insufficient physical activity(1)

Over 1 in 2 Australia adults (56%) were insufficiently active in 2014–15.


  1. Based on self-reported data.

Biomedical risk factors


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Overweight or obesity(2)

Almost 2 in 3 Australian adults (63%) were overweight or obese in 2014–15, similar to 2011–12.


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High blood pressure(2)

Over 1 in 3 Australian adults (34%) had high blood pressure in 2014–15—a slight rise from 32% in 2011–12.


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Abnormal blood lipids (dyslipidaemia)(2)

Almost 2 in 3 Australian adults (63%) had abnormal blood lipids in 2011–12.


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Impaired fasting glucose(2)

3.1% of Australian adults had impaired fasting glucose in 2011–12.


  1. Based on measured data.