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Developing client-based analyses for reporting on the alcohol and other drug treatment services

Developing client based analysis for reporting on alcohol and other drug treatment services outlines AIHW intended analysis techniques to:- estimate the number and rate of clients receiving alcohol and other drug treatment - explore patterns of drug use and pathways through treatment - explore the characteristics of different client groups, for example, those who return to treatment over many years with multiple drugs of concern or treatment types.Some analyses described either require, or would be improved by, future data development activities for this collection. Public consultation is open until 28 February 2014.

National Social Housing Survey: detailed results 2012

An overview of the national findings of the 2012 National Social Housing Survey was published by AIHW in May 2013. This report provides further detail on national level findings, state and territory comparisons and comparisons across public housing, state owned and managed Indigenous housing, and community housing programs. It shows that:- The majority of tenants are satisfied with the services provided by their housing organisation, with community housing tenants the most satisfied. - Tenants report a range of benefits from living in social housing. Around 7 in 10 tenants feel more settled and are able to manage rent or money better.- The majority of tenants live in a dwelling of an acceptable standard, and less than 1 in 10 social housing dwellings can be reported as overcrowded.- An estimated 1 in 10 public housing and SOMIH tenants and around 1 in 5 community housing tenants indicated they have been homeless in the past five years.

Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure juvenile recidivism

This report reviewed results and recommendations of a project exploring youth recidivism, including to determining whether youth recidivism could be analysed using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS). There are substantial benefits in using a longitudinal data collection such as the JJ NMDS, but also some limitations. Preliminary data analysed showed that nationally, over two-fifths (43%) of young people with sentenced supervision in 2010-11 had returned to sentenced supervision within 1 year, while over three-fifths (63%) of those with sentenced supervision in 2009-10 had returned to sentenced supervision within 2 years.

Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012

This report outlines the workforce characteristics of nurses and midwives in 2012. Between 2008 and 2012, the number of nurses and midwives employed in nursing or midwifery increased by 7.5%, from 269,909 to 290,144. During this period, nursing and midwifery supply increased by 0.5%, from 1,117.8 to 1,123.6 full-time equivalent nurses and midwives per 100,000 population. In 2012, the proportion of employed nurses and midwives aged 50 or older was 39.1%, an increase from 35.1% in 2008.

National performance indicators to support neonatal hearing screening in Australia

Around half the children born with hearing impairment have no identified risk factor for the condition. It is widely acknowledged that delays in the identification and treatment of permanent childhood hearing impairment may profoundly affect quality of life in terms of language acquisition, social and emotional development, and education and employment prospects. All states and territories in Australia have universal neonatal hearing screening. This working paper presents a set of performance indicators for monitoring neonatal hearing screening activity in Australia at a national level. National evaluation and monitoring provides a measure of how well neonatal hearing screening is achieving its aims and objectives and will enable strengthening of screening practices and administrative processes to further improve outcomes for Australian infants.

Report on monitoring activities of the National Cervical Screening Program Safety Monitoring Committee

This report looks at the evidence collected and assessed by the Safety Monitoring Committee established to assess whether there were adverse outcomes following the introduction of new NHMRC guidelines on how women with a low-grade Pap test result or a treated high-grade cervical biopsy result should be managed. Acknowledging that new evidence may come to light in future which could affect this picture, the overarching message from the evidence currently available and the methods used to assess this evidence is that the new guidelines have not led to an increase in cervical cancer in the seven years since they were introduced.

Monitoring pulmonary rehabilitation and long-term oxygen therapy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of death and disability in Australia. While pulmonary rehabilitation and long term oxygen therapy are recommended treatments for COPD, there is currently no national information about the supply and use of these therapies. This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring access to, and utilisation of, these therapies, by capitalising on existing data sources and identifying data development opportunities.

Palliative care services in Australia 2013

Palliative care services in Australia 2013 is the second in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Information from a range of data sources from 2011-12 and where indicated, 2010-11 are presented, as are changes over time. There were almost 24,500  palliative care-related separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2010-11. Almost $3.5 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2011-12.

Prostate cancer in Australia

This is the first comprehensive national report on prostate cancer in Australia. It presents an overview of the condition and analysis of key summary measures including incidence, mortality and survival. Findings include:Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer), with 21,808 new diagnoses in 2009.Prostate cancer is the fourth leading cause of mortality among Australian males, with 3,294 deaths from prostate cancer in 2011.Around 9 in 10 (92%) males diagnosed with prostate cancer survive 5 years from diagnosis. This is higher than for all cancers (65%).

Housing assistance in Australia 2013

This report looks at trends in housing and housing assistance provided by governments in Australia in terms social housing and financial assistance in 2012-13. The report explores the various types of housing assistance provided to low-income households and special needs groups including first home buyers, Indigenous Australians, young and older Australians, people with disability, and those who are homeless. A high proportion of low income households spend more than 30% of their income on rent (42%). This creates a large demand for financial assistance (1.2 million receiving Commonwealth Rent Assistance) and social housing dwellings (over 200,000 on waiting lists). 

Development of an ongoing national data collection on the educational outcomes of children in child protection services: a working paper

Improving the educational outcomes of children involved in statutory child protection services has been a high priority for Australian governments in recent years. This working paper provides an overview of a proposed national linked dataset on the educational activity and outcomes of children while in child protection services, to allow ongoing and longitudinal monitoring of the academic progress, and to better inform policy, practice and planning of activities to support these children. National linkage of multiple administrative data sources is proposed, with the aim of capturing a variety of data across the primary and secondary schooling years.

The inclusion of Indigenous status on pathology request forms

Under the National Indigenous Reform Agreement in 2008, the Council of Australian Government agreed to data quality improvements which are focussed on improving Indigenous identification in key data sets. This report outlines work towards the inclusion of Indigenous status on pathology request forms as a way to improve Indigenous identification in national cancer, communicable disease and cervical screening registries.

Diabetes and disability: impairments, activity limitations, participation restrictions and comorbidities

The report examines the association between diabetes and disability in Australia using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers 2009. People with diabetes were twice as likely to have a disability (39% compared with 17%) and almost 3 times as likely to have a severe or profound limitation (14% compared with 5%) than people without diabetes. Among working-age people with diabetes and disability, 40% said they were permanently unable to work compared with 20% of people with a disability who did not have diabetes.People with diabetes reported higher rates of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, depression, vision loss and kidney related disorders than people without diabetes.

Annual report 2012-13

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's activities are guided by legislative and government requirements, as well as its strategic directions and contractual obligations. This annual report describes these activities with reference to these requirements for the 2012-13 year. It highlights significant outputs during the year that help to provide Australians with quality, nationally-consistent health and welfare information. The Institute's financial statements in the report comply with the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997.

BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2010-2011

BreastScreen Australia aims to reduce illness and death resulting from breast cancer through organised screening of women. This report is the latest in an annual series that presents national statistics monitoring the program against performance indicators.More than 1.3 million women in the target age group of 50-69 were screened in 2010-2011, a participation rate of 55%. Breast cancer mortality is at a historic low, at 43 deaths per 100,000 women.

Smoking and quitting smoking among prisoners 2012

This bulletin presents results from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection, focusing on smoking and smoking cessation behaviours of prisoners in Australia. In 2012, 84% of prison entrants were current smokers, which is around 5 times the proportion of the general community. Quitting smoking in prison is difficult: 35% of prisoners who were about to be released tried to quit during their time in prison, but only 8% were successful.

Australian hospital statistics 2012-13: emergency department care

In 2012-13:- There were more than 6.7 million presentations to public hospital emergency departments- 73% of patients received treatment within an appropriate time for their urgency (triage) category- 67% of patients spent 4 hours or less in the emergency department  - 1.8 million patients were admitted to the hospital from the emergency department, and 36% of these were admitted within 4 hours.

Chronic kidney disease: regional variation in Australia

Chronic kidney disease is a common and serious problem in Australia and its management can be resource intensive, particularly for the most severe form of the disease: end-stage kidney disease. Rates of chronic kidney disease vary by geographic location.This report shows:people from Remote and very remote areas were 2.2 times more likely to die from chronic kidney disease than people from Major cities.people from Very remote areas were at least 4 times more likely to start kidney replacement therapy (dialysis or kidney transplant) than people from non-remote areas.

Depression in residential aged care 2008-2012

Entry into residential aged care can be a challenging experience and the presence of depression can add to this challenge. This report provides the first in-depth review of available administrative data to explore the prevalence and characteristics of people with symptoms of depression in residential aged care. In 2012, over half (52%) of all permanent residential aged care residents had symptoms of depression. Between 2008 and 2012, residents admitted to care for the first time who had symptoms of depression were more likely to have high care needs, and were more likely to have behaviours which impacted on care needs.

Mental health services in brief 2013

Mental health services - in brief 2013 provides an overview of data about the national response of the health and welfare system to the mental health care needs of Australians.It is designed to accompany the more comprehensive data on Australia's mental health services available online at http://mhsa.aihw.gov.au.

Australian hospital statistics 2012-13: elective surgery waiting times

In 2012-13:- about 673,000 patients were admitted to Australian public hospitals from elective surgery waiting lists- 50% of patients were admitted for their surgery within 36 days of being placed on the waiting list and 90% were  admitted within 265 days.

Cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia: an overview

Brings together the most up-to-date data available from a wide range of sources to describe the status of cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. Information on difference across age, sex and remoteness areas are presented and key issues are highlighted. The report provides a comprehensive picture of cancer in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia that should be useful to health professionals, policy makers and others with an interest in the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report 2011-12: Online Services Report - key results

This is the fourth national report on health services, Aboriginal community controlled and non-community controlled health organisations, funded by the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health. In 2011-12: - primary health care services provided 2.6 million episodes of care to about 445,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, a 5% increase from 2010-11; - substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 32,600 clients, a 14% increase from 2010-11; - Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services were accessed by about 9,800 clients, 96% of whom were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients.

Health expenditure Australia 2011-12

Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $140.2 billion in 2011-12, up from $82.9 billion in 2001-02. This expenditure was 9.5% of GDP in 2011-12, up from 9.3% in 2010-11 and up from 8.4% in 2001-02. The estimated recurrent expenditure on health was $5,881 per person. Governments funded 69.7% of total health expenditure, a slight increase from 69.1% in 2010-11. The largest components of health spending were public hospital services ($42.0 billion, or 31.8% of recurrent expenditure), followed by medical services ($23.9 billion, or 18.1%) and medications ($18.8 billion, or 14.2%).

Movement between hospital and residential aged care 2008-09

This report examines movements between hospital and residential aged care by people aged 65 and over in 2008-09. Overall, almost 10% of 1.1 million hospitalisations for older people were for people already living in residential aged care. A further 3% of hospitalisations for older people ended with the patient being

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