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released: 13 Jul 2016 author: AIHW media release

Skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers) accounts for the largest number of cancers diagnosed in Australia each year. This report provides an overview of skin cancer in Australia, risk factors, and key summary measures, including incidence, hospitalisations, survival and mortality. It shows that while the age-standardised incidence rate has risen for most age groups, for Australians aged less than 40, the incidence rate for melanoma of the skin has declined.

ISBN 978-1-74249-949-9; Cat. no. CAN 96; 81pp.; $13

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Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
      • Skin cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia
      • Hospitalisations for skin cancer are on the rise
      • Survival from melanoma is relatively high
      • Melanoma is less common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
      • There is substantial spending on skin cancer each year
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • The skin
      • About this report
        • Data availability
        • Estimated incidence and mortality data
    • 2 Facts about skin cancer
      • Melanoma of the skin
      • Non-melanoma skin cancer
      • Risk factors for skin cancer
        • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation
        • Family history and genetic susceptibility
    • 3 Melanoma
      • Incidence
        • Sex
        • Age group
      • Hospitalisations
        • Number of hospitalisations and hospitalisation rate
        • Treatment of melanoma
        • Hospitalisations involving surgery
        • Chemotherapy
      • Survival
        • Tumour thickness
      • Mortality
        • Sex
        • Age group
    • 4 Non-melanoma skin cancer
      • Incidence
        • Basal cell carcinoma
        • Squamous cell carcinoma
        • Rare non-melanoma skin cancers
        • Sex
        • Age group
      • Hospitalisations
        • Number of hospitalisations and hospital rate
        • Treatment of NMSC
        • Number of hospitalisations involving surgery
        • Chemotherapy
      • Mortality
        • Sex
        • Age group
    • 5 Focus on key population groups
      • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
        • Incidence
        • Mortality
      • States and territories Incidence Mortality
      • Remoteness area Incidence Mortality
      • Socioeconomic groups
      • Incidence
      • Mortality
  • 6 Medicare subsidised services
      • Melanoma
      • Medicare subsidised services
      • Medicare spending
      • Non-melanoma skin cancers
      • Medicare subsidised services
      • Medicare spending
  • 7 Spotlight on limitations of NMSC data
    • Available data sources and their limitations
    • Surveys
    • Hospitals data
    • Medicare data
    • Parliamentary inquiry into non-melanoma skin cancer
    • Option 1: Include common NMSC as a notifiable cancer in each state and territory, and collect
    • complete data through cancer registries
    • Option 2: Include common NMSC as a notifiable cancer in selected regions of Australia and
    • collect complete data for these regions through cancer registries
    • Option 3: Collect information through regular national surveys approximately every 5 years
    • Option 4: Investigate the utility of other available data for producing NMSC incidence estimates
    • that are fit for purpose
      • Potential data sources
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Tables
      • Appendix B: Defining rare non-melanoma skin cancer
      • Appendix C: Medicare data
        • Medicare subsidised services
        • Medicare item numbers for services and spending
      • Appendix D: Defining hospitalisations for skin cancer
        • Terms and classifications on admitted patient care
        • Definition of melanoma and NMSC-related hospitalisations
          • Definition of melanoma and NMSC-related procedures
      • Appendix E: Statistical methods and technical notes
        • Age-specific rates
        • Age-standardised rates
        • Relative survival
      • Appendix F: Data sources
        • AIHW Australian Cancer Database
        • AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database
        • AIHW National Mortality Database
        • National Death Index
        • Population data
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • Related publications

 Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above. Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.

  1. (21 Jul 2016) PDF updated - publication blurb updated; figures 4.4, 4.6 replaced;  tables A13, A15 updated.
    Previous version- Skin cancer in Australia (2.7MB PDF)

Recommended citation

AIHW 2016. Skin cancer in Australia. Cat. no. CAN 96. Canberra: AIHW.

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