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released: 28 Jun 2016 author: AIHW media release

This report assesses the health effects of mandatory folic acid and iodine fortification, introduced to help reduce the prevalence of neural tube defects and address the re emergence of iodine deficiency in the population. Mandatory fortification resulted in increased levels of folic acid and iodine in the food supply, increased folic acid and iodine intakes, a decreased rate of neural tube defects in Australia, and improved iodine status in the general populations in Australia and New Zealand.

ISBN 978-1-74249-941-3; Cat. no. PHE 208; 128pp.; $45

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Publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
    • Key findings
    • Overview
  • Body section
  • 1 Introduction
    • 1.1 Folic acid
    • 1.2 Iodine
    • 1.3 Baseline data for monitoring mandatory fortification
    • 1.4 Nutrient reference values for folic acid and iodine intakes
    • 1.5 Biomedical reference values for folic acid and iodine status
    • 1.6 Data sources used in this report
    • 1.7 Structure of this report
  • 2 Mandatory folic acid fortification in Australia
    • 2.1 Food composition
    • 2.2 Food industry compliance
    • 2.3 Nutrient intake
    • 2.4 Nutrient status
    • 2.5 Health benefits
    • 2.6 Adverse health effects
  • 3 Mandatory iodine fortification in Australia
    • 3.1 Food composition
    • 3.2 Food industry compliance
    • 3.3 Nutrient intake
    • 3.4 Nutrient status
    • 3.5 Health benefits
    • 3.6 Adverse health effects
  • 4 Mandatory iodine fortification in New Zealand
    • 4.1 Food composition
    • 4.2 Food industry compliance
    • 4.3 Nutrient intake
    • 4.4 Nutrient status
    • 4.5 Health benefits
    • 4.6 Adverse health effects
  • 5 Discussion
    • 5.1 Mandatory folic acid fortification in Australia
    • 5.2 Mandatory iodine fortification in Australia
    • 5.3 Mandatory iodine fortification in New Zealand
    • 5.4 Next steps
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Government committees with oversight of the mandatory folic acid and iodine fortification requirements
      • Appendix B: Monitoring framework for mandatory fortification
      • Appendix C: Reference values for monitoring folic acid and iodine
      • Appendix D: Information on selected data sources
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2016. Monitoring the health impacts of mandatory folic acid and iodine fortification 2016. Cat. no. PHE 208. Canberra: AIHW.

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