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released: 18 Dec 2014 updated: 28 Jan 2015 author: AIHW media release

Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014 presents the latest available information on national population screening programs, cancer incidence, hospitalisations, survival, prevalence and mortality. It is estimated that the most commonly diagnosed cancers in 2014 will be prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and breast cancer (excluding basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, as these cancers are not notifiable diseases in Australia). For all cancers combined, the incidence rate is expected to increase by 22% from 1982 to 2014, but the mortality rate is estimated to decrease by 20%. Cancer survival has improved over time. Cancer outcomes differ by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and remoteness area.

ISSN 1039-3307; ISBN 978-1-74249-677-1; Cat. no. CAN 88; 218pp.; $24

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Mortality projections presented in this report have recently been revised using more recent data and are presented in the report Cancer mortality trends and projections: 2014 to 2025. In the process of updating the projections, changes have been made to the underlying models used in this report. Readers should therefore use the relevant mortality projections presented in the Cancer mortality trends and projections: 2014 to 2025 report instead.


Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
  • Body section
    • Data at a glance
      • Estimated incidence of cancer in 2014
      • Estimated mortality from cancer in 2014
    • 1 Introduction
      • Purpose and structure of this report
      • Data interpretation
      • Data sources
      • What is missing from the picture?
    • 2 Risk factors, early detection and prevention
      • Known risk factors for cancer
      • Early detection through organised population screening
    • 3 Incidence of cancer
      • About incidence
      • Estimated number of cases diagnosed
      • Most commonly diagnosed cancers
      • Differences by age
      • Risk of being diagnosed with cancer
      • Change over time
    • 4 Hospitalisations and admitted patient palliative care for cancer
      • About hospitalisations
      • Hospitalisations in 2012–13
      • Palliative care for cancer in the hospital setting
    • 5 Survival after a diagnosis of cancer
      • About survival
      • Five-year relative survival
      • Conditional survival
    • 6 Prevalence of cancer
      • About prevalence
      • Cancer prevalence
    • 7 Mortality from cancer
      • About mortality
      • Estimated number of deaths from cancer
      • Most common causes of death from cancer
      • Mortality by age
      • Risk of death from cancer
      • Change over time
    • 8 Focus on key population groups
      • Differences across population groups
      • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
      • State and territory
      • Remoteness area
      • Socioeconomic disadvantage
      • Life stages
    • 9 International comparisons
      • About international comparisons
      • Incidence
      • Mortality
      • Mortality-to-incidence ratio
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Cancer codes
      • Appendix B: Summary pages for selected cancers | (online version)
      • Appendix C: Cancer incidence, mortality and survival for all cancer groupings
      • Appendix D: Guide to online supplementary tables
      • Appendix E: Classifications
      • Appendix F: How estimated data in the 2011 Australian Cancer Database were calculated
      • Appendix G: Methodology for cancer projections
      • Appendix H: Statistical methods and technical notes
      • Appendix I: Data sources
      • Appendix J: Definition of cancer-related hospitalisations
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • List of boxes

Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above. Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.

  1. (23 Jan 2015) The online table for prevalence data (D6.1 and D6.2) have been updated to correct errors in the calculation of 5, 10 and 28-year prevalence, as at the end of 2009.
  2. (28 Jan 2015) Prevalence data included in the report have been revised. The report has now been updated to reflect revised prevalence data.
    - Chapter 6 (Pages 42 to 46)
    - Appendix B (All prevalence data Pages 85 to 159)
  3. (16 Apr 2015) Colorectal cancer prevalence data have been revised. The report and online tables have been updated.

Recommended citation

AIHW 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series no. 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.

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