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released: 5 Jul 2013 author: AIHW media release

This report presents a comprehensive picture about, and the latest data on, stroke and how it is managed in Australia. It examines the impact of stroke on patients, their carers, the health system and aged care services. In particular for stroke patients, the report includes information on incidence, prevalence, hospitalisation, disability, treatment and deaths. The report also examines trends and inequalities in stroke and it's management in Australia; and makes international comparisons; and identifies data gaps.

ISSN 1323-9236; ISBN 978-1-74249-441-8; Cat. no. CVD 61; 156pp.; $19

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Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
      • Stroke poses a burden on patients, their families and services
      • Specialised care facilities for patients increase
      • But there is still room for improvement
      • Data gaps limit our knowledge in several areas
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • Background
      • What is stroke?
      • What is transient ischaemic attack?
      • What are the major risk factors?
      • Community awareness of stroke signs and symptoms
      • Aims of this report
      • Overview of this report
      • Data sources and methods
    • 2 Impact of stroke
      • Incidence
      • Prevalence
      • Disability resulting from stroke
      • Deaths from stroke and transient ischaemic attack
      • The burden of stroke
      • Health-care expenditure on stroke
      • International comparisons
    • 3 Stroke treatment in hospital
      • Hospitalisations in 2009-10
      • Stroke units and clinical audit
      • Rehabilitation of stroke or its sequelae
    • 4 Stroke treatment in the community
      • The management of stroke in general practice
      • Supply of stroke medications in the community
    • 5 Managing the consequences of stroke
      • Assistance for people with stroke-related disability
      • Community services for stroke survivors
      • Impact of stroke on primary carers
    • 6 Social and geographical inequalities for stroke
      • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
      • Remoteness
      • Socioeconomic status
    • 7 Discussion
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
    • Appendix A Methods and definitions
      • Age-specific rates
      • Age-standardised rates
      • Average annual rate of change
      • Significance testing
      • Reporting deaths
      • Reporting hospitalisations
      • Reporting Indigenous data
      • Reporting data by remoteness
      • Reporting data by socioeconomic group
    • Appendix B Classifications
      • Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification
      • International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes
      • Classifications from other sources
    • Appendix C  Main data sources
      • ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) (2004-05)
      • ABS National Health Survey (NHS) (2007-08)
      • ABS Surveys of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC) (1998, 2003 and 2009)
      • AIHW Disease Expenditure Database
      • AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database
      • AIHW National Mortality Database
      • Drug Utilisation Sub-Committee database (DUSC)
      • The Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) program
      • World Health Organization Global Health Observatory
    • Appendix D Supplementary tables
    • Appendix E
      • Thrombolysis exclusion/inclusion criteria
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above.

Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.

  1. (31 July 2013) PDF replaced.
    The graph in Fig 2.11 was replaced because it had a smudge.
    Two data sources were added under Appendix C ‘Main data sources’. The names of these data sources are: Aged Care Assessment Program and Aged Care Funding Instrument.
    Previous version - Stroke and its management in Australia: an update (2.3MB PDF)
  2. (16 Sep 2013) Minor amendment to reference list.
    Previous version - Stroke and its management in Australia: an update (4MB PDF)

Recommended citation

AIHW 2013. Stroke and its management in Australia: an update. Cardiovascular disease series 37. Cat. no. CVD 61. Canberra: AIHW.

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