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Serious unintentional injury involving a railway train or tram, Australia, 2009–10 to 2013–14

This report presents information on hospitalisations in Australia due to unintentional serious injury involving a train or tram for the 5-year period from 2009–10 to 2013–14. Over this 5-year period, there were 812 cases of serious injury involving a train (178 due to a level crossing collision), an average of 162 per year. Over the same period, there were 397 cases of serious injury involving a tram.

Dog-related injuries

This factsheet reports on hospitalisations that occurred as a result of being bitten or struck by a dog in 2013–14. In 2013–14, 3,644 hospitalised injury cases were due to being bitten by a dog, and 328 cases due to being struck by a dog. Overall, hospitalisations for dog-related injuries were more common in young children aged 0–9 (689 cases, 17%).

Firearm injuries and deaths

This factsheet examines hospitalisations (2013–14) and deaths (2012–13) that occurred as a result of firearm-related injuries. Over 90% of all firearm-related hospitalisations and deaths occurred among men. Over a third of hospitalised cases were the result of unintentional injury, one-third (33%) resulted from assault, and in almost one-fifth (19%) of cases, intent was undetermined. In contrast, over 79% of deaths resulted from intentional self-harm (suicide), while over 17% resulted from assault (homicide). Rates of firearm-related injuries for deaths fell between 1999–00 and 2013–14.

Hospitalised assault injuries among women and girls

This factsheet examines cases of hospitalised assault against women in 2013–14. Rates of assault among women were highest for those aged between 15–19 and 50–54. Over half (59%) of all these women were assaulted by bodily force, and for assaults by bodily force and involving sharp and blunt objects, the majority of injuries were to the head and neck (63%). Where information about the perpetrator was available, a spouse or domestic partner was the most commonly reported perpetrator (in 59% of cases).

DIY injuries

‘Do-it-yourself’ (DIY) refers to making, mending or maintaining something oneself, instead of hiring a professional or tradesperson. This factsheet looks at DIY injuries that occurred as a result of falls (for example, from ladders and buildings), and while using tools and machinery (for example, hand tools and lawnmowers) at home. In 2013–14, men aged 65+ were the most commonly hospitalised group due to 1 of these types of DIY injuries.

Hospitalised burn injuries Australia 2013–14

This report provides information on cases of burn injury requiring hospitalisation in Australia. While burn injuries make up a small fraction (1%) of all hospitalisations for injury, they are often the most serious and result in numerous re-admissions and long lengths of stay. In 2013–14 there were 5,430 cases of hospitalised burn injury of which about two-thirds were male. Almost half of all cases (45%) were caused by contact with heat and hot substances such as hot drinks, food, fats and cooking oils.

Poisoning in children and young people 2012–13

This report provides information about children and young people aged 0–24 who were hospitalised as a result of poisoning in Australia. Almost half (49%) of all cases occurred among 18–24 year olds and a quarter among 15–17 year olds (26%). The highest rate of poisoning by pharmaceuticals was seen in 15–17 year old girls (589 cases per 100,000). The majority (37%) of these cases were caused by non-opioid analgesics (for example, ibuprofen and paracetamol).

Hospitalised injuries in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people: 2011–13

This report provides information about hospitalised injuries among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people (0 to 24 years). The most common specific cause of injury among Indigenous children and young people was a fall (24%). Assault was the leading cause of hospitalisation for Indigenous people aged 15–17 and 18–24 years.

Trends in serious injury due to road vehicle traffic crashes, Australia: 2001 to 2010

This report shows that rates for people seriously injured due to a road traffic crash rose from 141.6 to 146.4 per 100,000 population. Over one-quarter (26%) sustained life-threatening injuries.  Rates of life-threatening injury involving motorcycle riders and pedal cycle riders rose significantly over this period, while rates involving passengers of motor vehicles and pedestrians fell.

Acute kidney injury in Australia: a first national snapshot

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasing in incidence globally. This report presents the first national statistical snapshot on AKI and its impact in Australia. The key findings show that AKI accounts for a considerable number of hospitalisations and deaths and further, that the burden of this condition is not equally distributed across the Australian population. These inequalities were seen in relation to all population characteristics examined, namely sex and age, remoteness of residence, socioeconomic disadvantage and Indigenous status.

Trends in hospitalised injury, Australia: 1999–00 to 2012–13

This report shows that the rate of injury hospitalised cases in Australia rose from 1999–00 to 2012–13 by an average of 1% per year. In 2012–13, case numbers and rates were higher for males than females for all age groups to 60–64, and higher for females for age groups 65–69 and older.

Trends in injury deaths, Australia: 1999–00 to 2009–10

This report focuses on trends in deaths due to injury and poisoning that occurred over the period 1999–00 to 2009–10 and shows that: The age-standardised rate of injury deaths decreased by an average of 3% per year between 1999–00 and 2004–05 and changed little after that; Rates of injury deaths involving transport injury, drowning, thermal injury, suicide and homicide, tended to decline from 1999–00 to 2007–08, while rates of poisoning deaths involving pharmaceuticals fell sharply to 2001–02 before rising again;Rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were 2 to 3 times as high as rates for Other Australians over the period from 1999–00 to 2007–08.

Injury deaths data, Australia: technical report on issues associated with reporting for reference years 1999–2010

This technical report is a companion to the statistical report Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999–00 to 2009–10 and provides additional information on data sources and methods.When comparing estimates of injury deaths based on Cause of Death Unit Record Files (CODURFs), produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) with other supplementary sources of information for external causes of injury mortality, CODURF based estimates for particular major external causes were consistent with estimates based on supplementary sources for several reference years before 2003 and from 2006 onwards, but differ to a noteworthy extent for several external causes from 2003 to 2006.

Suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia: trends and analysis

This report describes suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia.Suicide occurring in 2010–11 is described statistically, and trends are shown for the period from the early 1920s. Patterns of suicide over time were also examined for selected birth cohorts.Hospitalised intentional self-harm in 2010–11 is also described, and trends are examined for the period from 1999–00. Both suicide and hospitalised intentional self-harm are analysed by mechanism of injury, sex, age group, Indigenous status and other factors.

Hospitalised injury in children and young people 2011-12

The aim of this report is to provide information about serious hospitalised injury in Australian children and young people aged 0 to 24 years. The report takes a developmental stage approach to examining injury acknowledging that age and injury are more closely linked at some periods of life (for example, early childhood and young adulthood).

Australian sports injury hospitalisations 2011-12

During 2011-12, over 36,000 people aged 15 and over were hospitalised as the result of an injury sustained while playing sport. This represented 8% of all injury hospitalisations during that year. Around two thirds of those admitted to hospital were aged under 35 and over three quarters were men.

Hospitalised injuries in older Australians: 2011-12

This report focuses on the most frequent causes of hospitalisations due to injury sustained by Australians, aged 65 years or older, during the period 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012. Whilst the vast majority of hospitalisations were due to falls, the report focuses on other injuries (such as unintentional poisoning by medications) and it may be useful for guiding and improving policy aimed at reducing those other injuries and for targeting investment in injury prevention strategies.

Trends in hospitalised injury, Australia: 1999-00 to 2010-11

This report focuses on trends in hospitalisations due to injury and poisoning that occurred over the period 1999-00 to 2010-11. Information is also presented on the incidence of hospitalised injury in the financial year 2010-11.Age-standardised rates of injury cases increased from 1999-00 to 2010-11 by an average of 1% per year. Increases per year across the period were found for injuries due to: falls (2%), intentional self-harm (1), assaults (0.5%) and other unintentional injuries (1.4%). Significant decreases occurred in the rate of hospitalisations due to poisoning by pharmaceuticals (5%) and by other substances (4%), and drowning and near drowning (1%, and 3% for children 0-4).Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people rates of injury increased from 3,268 cases per 100,000 population in 2007-08 to 3,708 per 100,000 in 2010-11. Analysis of different injury types revealed increases in rates of poisoning by pharmaceuticals, falls, intentional self-harm and other unintentional injuries during this time.

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport: 2005-06 to 2009-10

This report looks at death and serious injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia due to transport accidents in the five-year period 2005-06 to 2009-10. Land transport accidents accounted for 26% of all fatal injury cases and 9% of all serious injury cases for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The age-standardised rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 2.8 times the rate for Other Australians for fatal cases, and 1.3 times the rate for Other Australians for serious injuries.

Trends in hospitalisations due to falls by older people, Australia 1999-00 to 2010-11

This report focuses on trends in fall-related hospital care for people aged 65 and older from 1999-00 to 2010-11.  While age-standardised rates of fall injury cases increased over the 12 years to June 2011, the rate of hip fractures due to falls decreased. The patient days for hospital care directly attributable to fall-related injury doubled over the study period.

Impact of improvements to Indigenous identification in hospital data on patterns of hospitalised injury

This report examines the effects of improvements in Indigenous identification in hospitals data on patterns of hospitalised injury among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The inclusion of hospitalisation data from New South Wales and Victoria has led to a change in the injury profile of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, which appears to be driven by the differences in remoteness between the two groupings.

Obesity and injury in the National Hospital Morbidity Database

Obesity and injury are major health burdens on society. This report studies the feasibility of using the National Hospital Morbidity Database to investigate the relationship between obesity and hospitalised injury in Australia. The database does not currently provide a reliable basis for measuring obesity among admitted patients or for assessing the characteristics of injury cases with obesity. Inclusion of height and weight information in separations data would enable analysis of the effects of body mass index on injury occurrence, treatment and outcomes.

Hospitalisations due to falls by older people, Australia: 2009-10

This report is the sixth in a series on hospitalisations due to falls by Australians aged 65 and over, and focuses on 2009-10.The estimated number of hospitalised injury cases due to falls in older people was 83,800 - more than 5,100 extra cases than in 2008-09 - and about 70% of these falls happened in either the home or an aged care facility.One in every 10 days spent in hospital by a person aged 65 and older in 2009-10 was directly attributable to an injurious fall (1.3 million patient days over the year), and the average total length of stay per fall injury case was estimated to be 15.5 days.

Serious childhood community injury in New South Wales 2009-10

This report provides summary data on hospitalised injury of children and young people (aged 0-17 years) in New South Wales from 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010. During the 12 months, more than 23,000 children and young people were hospitalised as a result of an injury. Falls were the most commonly reported cause of hospitalised injury (39% of cases), and these frequently involved playground equipment. Transport injuries were also common (14%).

Hospitalised interpersonal violence and perpetrator coding, Australia 2002-05

This report describes episodes of hospitalised interpersonal violence in the 3 years (2002-03 to 2004-05) after the introduction of perpetrator coding in Australia in 2002. It also provides a technical demonstration of the type of analysis that is possible using perpetrator codes. During 2002-03 to 2004-05, 60,926 people were hospitalised and three-quarters of them were male. The most common reported type of interpersonal violence was Assault by bodily force, accounting for just over half of all cases (55%). Unspecified person was recorded as the perpetrator in 57% of cases aggregated over the 3 years.

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