AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Conferences & events Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public consultation Strategic Directions 2011-2014 Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subjectAdoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publicationsRate our publication effectivenessSubscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Health priority areas Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Juvenile justice Life expectancy Male health Mental health Mothers & babies Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR - metadata online registry Data catalogue Catalogue of holdings of AIHW data Data integration Data standards Privacy of data
By subject Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Burden of disease Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators
Chronic disease indicators Deaths Disability eHealth Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General practice (GP) data Hospitals
Height and weight data sources Indigenous Australians International collaboration Medical indemnity Mental health National indicator catalogue Risk factors statistics Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee CKDMAC AODTS NMDS WG CMAG CSDWG CVDMAC HEAC HHIMG
JJ RIG MHISS MyHospitals NAGATSIHID NCIAG NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG
NMDD NMDS NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees YIAG
Education worksheets What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Worksheets by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Indigenous temporary employment register Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Subscribe to employment notices Graduate Program
Conferences & events Media releases Subscribe to release notices Media FAQ Media contacts
You are here:
In 2006, there were 133,739 deaths recorded in Australia, consisting of 68,556 male deaths (731.5 deaths per 100,000 population*) and 65,183 female deaths (493.8 deaths per 100,000 population*).
* Age standardised to the Australian population at 30 June 2001.
Life expectancy is not uniform across populations within Australia. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have a much lower life expectancy than the general Australian population. Indigenous Australians born in the period 1996-2001 are expected to live about 17 years less than the rest of the population (ABS 2007. Deaths Australia, 2006. ABS Cat. No. 3302.0. Canberra: ABS).
A person's life expectancy also depends on the age they have already reached. For the general Australian population (the national average):
For more information on this topic, see life expectancy.
Of the 133,739 deaths recorded in Australia in 2006, about 75 % of all male deaths and 85% of female deaths were of those aged 65 or older;
Table 1: Numbers of deaths by age group and sex, 2006
Table 2: Leading causes of death by age and sex, 2006
* Percent of deaths within each age and sex group.Source: AIHW National Mortality Database.
Overall, Australians enjoy one of the highest life expectancies in the world. In 2005 the male life expectancy of 79 years can be compared with the highest recorded, in Iceland (79.2). The highest female life expectancies were recorded in Japan (85.5 years) and France (83.9), compared with Australia's 83.7. Australian life expectancy is a little higher than in countries such as Canada, New Zealand, and Norway, and higher again than in the United Kingdom and the United States.
For more information on international comparison, see How Australia compares.
As part of the measure of overall life expectancy, healthy life expectancy (HALE) is a measure of the expected number of years to be lived in what might be termed the equivalent of 'full health'. HALE calculations adjust the overall life expectancy by the years of ill health according to their severity.
Australia's healthy life expectancy is among the highest in the world. In 2003, Australian males could expect to live 70.6 years of healthy life and females 75.2 years. This means that Australian males can expect to live about 90% of their lives in good heath.
For more information on this, see Healthy life expectancy.
Yes, over the past century, life expectancy has improved considerably. For instance, males born in the in the 1901-1910 had a life expectancy of 55.2 years. By 2004-06 this had increased to 78.7 years.
For more information, see Australian trends in life expectancy.