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Uterine cancer in Australia

Uterine cancer incorporates ICD-10 cancer codes C54 (Malignant neoplasm of corpus uteri) and C55 (Malignant neoplasm of uterus, part unspecified).


Estimated* number of new cases of uterine cancer diagnosed in 2016

Female icon PNG 2,652 females


Uterine cancer % all new cases PNG

Estimated of all new female cases of cancer diagnosed in 2016

4.5%


Estimated number of deaths from uterine cancer in 2016

Female icon PNG 441 females


uterine cancer % of all new cancer cases PNG

Estimated % of all female deaths from cancer in 2016

2.2%


cancer survival PNG

Chance of surviving at least 5 years (2008–2012)

83%


Lots of people PNG

Females living with uterine cancer at the end of 2010 (diagnosed in the 5 year period 2006 to 2010)

8,813


How common is uterine cancer in Australia?

In 2012, there were 2,397 new cases of uterine cancer diagnosed in Australia.a In 2016, it is estimated that 2,652 new cases of uterine cancer will be diagnosed in Australia.b

In 2012, the age-standardised incidence rate was 18 cases per 100,000 females.d In 2016, it is estimated that the age-standardised incidence rate will be 18 cases per 100,000 females.

Uterine cancer was the 6th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in Australia in 2012. It is estimated that it will remain the 6th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in 2016.

In 2016, it is estimated that the risk of a female being diagnosed with uterine cancer by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 45.

In 2016, it is expected the incidence rate of uterine cancer among females will increase with age from age group 15–19 until age group 70–74. It will then decrease for older age groups (see figure below).

Figure 1: Estimated age-specific incidence rates for uterine cancer, 2016

bar graph showing the estimated number of new cases of uterine cancer diagnosed in 2016, by five year age groups (0-4 to 85+). The age-specific incidence rate for each five year age group is expressed as the estimated number of new cases of uterine cancer diagnosed per 100,000 females, which is presented on the y-axis. The estimated incidence rate of uterine cancer generally increases across the age groups, with females aged 0-4 years having an estimated diagnosis rate of 0.0 cases per 100,000. This increases to 76.8 cases per 100,000 in those aged 70-74 before decreasing to 53.5 cases per 100,000 in females aged 85+.

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database, (see source table 1).

Deaths from uterine cancer

In 2013, there were 424 deaths from uterine cancer in Australia. In 2016, it is estimated that this will increase to 441 deaths.c

In 2013, the age-standardised mortality rate was 2.9 deaths per 100,000 females.d In 2016, it is estimated that the age-standardised mortality rate will be 2.8 deaths per 100,000 females.

In 2013, uterine cancer accounted for the 15th highest number of deaths from cancer among females in Australia. It is estimated that it will remain the 15th most common cause of death from cancer among females in 2016.

In 2016, it is estimated that the risk of a female dying from uterine cancer by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 259.

Incidence

The number of new cases of uterine cancer diagnosed increased from 942 in 1982 to 2,397 in 2012.

Over the same period, the age-standardised incidence rate increased from 14 cases per 100,000 females in 1982 to 18 cases per 100,000 females in 2012.

Mortality

The number of deaths from uterine cancer increased from 223 in 1968 to 424 in 2013.

Over the same period, the age-standardised mortality rate decreased from 4.7 deaths per 100,000 females in 1968 to 2.9 deaths per 100,000 females in 2013.

Figure 2: Age-standardised incidence rates for uterine cancer 1982–2012 and age-standardised mortality rates for uterine cancer 1968–2013

line graph with two lines showing actual incidence and mortality rates for uterine cancer. One line of the graph shows actual incidence rates for uterine cancer from 1982 to 2012. The other line shows actual mortality rates for uterine cancer from 1968 to 2013. The age-standardised incidence and mortality rate for each year is expressed as the number of new cases or number of deaths per 100,000 females and presented on the y-axis. The incidence rate for uterine cancer increased from 13.9 cases per 100,000 females in 1982 to 18.3 cases per 100,000 females in 2012. The mortality rate for uterine cancer decreased from 4.7 deaths per 100,000 females in 1968 to 2.9 deaths per 100,000 females in 2013.

Note: Incidence rates available for 1982–2012, and mortality rates available for 1968–2013.

Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare1.

Survival from uterine cancer

In 2008–2012 in Australia, females diagnosed with uterine cancer had a 83% chance of surviving for 5 years compared to their counterparts in the general Australian population.

Between 1983–1987 and 2008–2012, 5-year relative survival from uterine cancer improved from 75% to 83%.

Figure 3: 5-year relative survival from uterine cancer, 1983–1987 to 2008–2012

bar chart showing five year relative survival from uterine cancer in five year periods, starting from 1983-1987 and ending in 2008-2012. The percentage of survival is presented on the y-axis. In 1983-1987, 5 year relative survival was 58.3%. This increased to 93.9% in 2008-2012.

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database, (see source table 2).

Prevalence of uterine cancer

The prevalence for 1, 5 and 29 years given below are the number of people living with uterine cancer at the end of 2010 who had been diagnosed in the preceding 1, 5 and 29 years respectively.

One year prevalence

At the end of 2010, there were 2,231 females living who had been diagnosed with uterine cancer that year.

Five year prevalence

At the end of 2010, there were 8,813 females living who had been diagnosed with uterine cancer in the previous 5 years (from 2006 to 2010).

29 year prevalence

At the end of 2010, there were 24,527 females living who had been diagnosed with uterine cancer in the previous 29 years (from 1982 to 2010).


Source tables

Source table 1: Estimated age-specific incidence rates for uterine cancer, 2016
Age group (years) Number of new cases
per 100,000 females
0–4 0.0
5–9 0.0
10–14 0.0
15–19 0.0
20–24 0.2
25–29 0.7
30–34 1.9
35–39 4.0
40–44 7.3
45–49 14.2
50–54 30.0
55–59 48.1
60–64 73.3
65–69 75.3
70–74 76.8
75–79 59.7
80–84 58.9
85+ 53.5
Source table 2: 5-year relative survival from uterine cancer, 1983–1987 to 2008–2012
Year 5-year relative survival (%)
1983–1987 74.7
1988–1992 78.1
1993–1997 78.4
1998–2002 81.0
2003–2007 81.4
2008–2012 82.9

Data notes

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10)

Cancer, like other health conditions, is classified by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10). This is a statistical classification, published by the World Health Organization, in which each morbid condition is assigned a unique code according to established criteria.

Estimations

Future estimates for incidence and mortality are a mathematical extrapolation of past trends. They assume that the most recent trends will continue into the future, and are intended to illustrate future changes that might reasonably be expected to occur if the stated assumptions continue to apply over the estimated period. Actual future cancer incidence and mortality rates may vary from these estimations for a variety of factors. New screening programs may increase the detection of new cancer cases; new vaccination programs may decrease the risk of developing cancer; and improvements in treatment options may decrease mortality rates.

Due to the rounding of these estimates, male and female incidence and mortality may not sum to person incidence and mortality.

Incidence

Cancer incidence indicates the number of new cancers diagnosed during a specified time period (usually one year).

  1. The 2012 national incidence counts include estimates for NSW and the ACT because the actual data were not available.
  2. The 2016 estimates are based on 2002–11 incidence data. Due to rounding of these estimates, male and female incidence may not sum to person incidence.

Mortality

Cancer mortality refers to the number of deaths occurring during a specified time period (usually one year) for which the underlying cause of death is cancer.

  1. The 2016 estimates are based on 2002–13 mortality data.

Prevalence

Prevalence of cancer refers to the number of people alive with a prior diagnosis of cancer at a given time. It is distinct from incidence (see above). The longest period for which it is possible to calculate prevalence using the available national data (from 1982 to 2010) is currently 29 years. This span is used to estimate the 'total' prevalence of cancer at the end of 2010, noting that people diagnosed with cancer before 1982 are not included.

Age standardised rates

  1. Incidence and mortality rates expressed per 100,000 population are age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

References

  1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) books: uterine cancer. Canberra: AIHW. [Accessed January 2016].